Dr. Samar is currently the Chairwoman of the Independent Afghanistan Human Rights Commission. She served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Sudan from August 2005 till June 2009. She also served as the Deputy Chair and Minister of Women’s Affairs for the Interim Administration of Afghanistan. Dr. Samar founded The Shuhada Organization, which now operates 55 schools in Afghanistan and 3 schools for Afghan refugees in Quetta, Pakistan. She received a medical degree in 1982 from the Kabul University..