Project Background and justification
Religious radicalization is one of the most threatening problems in today’s world with the underdeveloped countries being the most vulnerable victims of this phenomenon. Though external factors play an important role in radicalization of people in a country, but one cannot ignore the internal factors such as cultural tendencies. Among other factors, the institution of education- especially at higher education level, plays an important role for either promoting religious radicalization or encouraging dialogue.
Since 2015, the AISS conducted a series of research projects on radicalization trends in Afghanistan. In 2015, the AISS researchers conducted a research project to assess the radicalization trends across university campuses. This time, the AISS is conducting a research project on the similar issue to find out about the relationship between religious radicalization and Afghanistan’s higher education system. This study would clarify some of the internal elements of radicalization trends within the official curricula being taught in universities in Afghanistan.
Project Goal and Objectives
- Analyzing the Islamic studies curricula across universities of Afghanistan
- Evaluating the teaching methods and the impact of such teachings on students
Project Outcome and results
- Recognizing the relationship between the Islamic Studies in universities and religious radicalization of students
- Presenting practical solutions for reviewing and reforming status quo.
Beneficiaries and Stakeholders
Beneficiaries of this project can be categorized in two parts:
- Specific beneficiaries: the results and findings of this research project can be used by government of Afghanistan and relevant agencies including the academia, political Parties and civil society organizations.
- General beneficiaries: the ordinary citizens of the country – especially youth and university students, are all among the general beneficiaries of this project.
This research project will be conducted through a mixed methodology. Through desk research and qualitative method of data analyzes curricula of Islamic Studies being taught in universities will be analyzed and reexamined. The research team also will conduct a quantitative survey among the students of universities in three provinces of Kabul, Nangarhar and Herat. To complement the survey, in-depth interviews also will be conducted with some Key Informants including university teachers and experts. Statistical data analysis software will be used for quantitative analyzes.