Current Researches

Status:  Ongoing

Project Background and justification

Both Kabul and Washington D.C. are trying to open a new chapter to address the deadlock of peace talks with the Taliban. But this demand lacks a central and uniform policy to be enforced step by step. The process is also disrupted by the regional countries’ intervention. Multilateral peace talks organized by countries such as Turkey, Russia, and Qatar not only failed to meet with clear results but they also further isolated and discredited the Afghan government’s role in the peace process. The series of efforts made independently by different players (i.e. the Afghan government, regional players, US and EU), and the lack of a central and coherent policy indicate the chaotic environment of the peace process in Afghanistan so far. It also shows the multilevel domestic, regional, and international aspects of Afghanistan’s crisis. These experiences show that without a central and coherent policy, which would reconcile all multi-level and complex aspects of the Taliban’s insurgency and incorporate a blueprint of action for peace process, no local, regional or international party is able to break the deadlock confronting peace process in Afghanistan.

Project Goal and Objectives

  1. Analyzing the progress of the peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban
  2. Analyzing different methods of peacemaking with insurgent groups
  3. Analyzing the level of nature of insurgency of the Taliban in Afghanistan

Project Outcome and results

  1. Recognizing the challenges and problems of the peace talks with the Taliban
  2. Presenting practical solutions for reviewing and reforming the peace process

Beneficiaries and Stakeholders

Beneficiaries of this project can be categorized in two parts:

  1. Specific beneficiaries: the results and findings of this survey can be used by government of Afghanistan, especially High Peace Council. Taking the fact that the US administration has renewed its strategy toward Afghanistan, the findings of this research project will be useful to the US officials as well. The Taliban and other militant groups inside Afghanistan also are considered as beneficiaries.
  2. General beneficiaries: the ordinary citizens of the country are all among the general beneficiaries of this project.


This research draws on three methods: review of similar cases of dealing with insurgent groups, archival data collection, and interviews. The research first reviews the lessons learned from multiple cases in which peace was achieved by different conflict resolution approaches. Next, it documents and analyzes the past efforts of negotiation with the Taliban, and collects views of local, regional and international parties on the past negotiation efforts. In the light of insight extracted from both the comparative and the within-case analysis, this research will develop a comprehensive conclusion on why previous efforts failed and what are the possibilities and obstacles of brining the Taliban to the negotiations table. Therefore, although the research extracts insight from different models of conflict resolution, it specifically addresses questions concerning relevant approaches and the possibilities of ending the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan. The purpose is to provide a comprehensive analysis that discusses the model, possibilities, and circumstances of terminating the conflict.