Project Background and justification
In Afghanistan, the elections process at various levels has been mired with difficulties. Elections and democratic governance are still in their infancy in Afghanistan, and thus challenges are to be expected. Afghan society remains ethnically and ideologically divided, and if anything, elections provide clear strong evidence of these fissures. Studies on Afghan elections reveal that Presidential elections strongly depend on a candidate’s ethnic identity, as winners do no wield much support beyond their own ethnic group. Further on there is a widespread dissatisfaction towards the parliamentary elections. Among other things, many commentators call for revision of the electoral system.
This research project tackles head-on the current controversies facing electoral process in Afghanistan. With parliamentary elections scheduled for 7 July 2018, a thorough discussion on electoral reforms is urgently required. Widespread dissatisfaction has characterized the 2005 and 2010 elections, and thus there is general consensus that some level of reform is required. However, the nature of that reform remains highly elusive. This project aims to take a critical examination of the electoral process by considering the shortcomings of the current electoral arrangement as well as the current demographics of the country, thereby proposing workable alternative options.
Project Goal and Objectives
- Examining the general perception of the people towards the function of parliament and responsibilities of the MPs,
- Examining the alternative voting preferences,
- Examining the problem of setting the boundaries of electoral constituencies,
- Examining the status of the political parties in parliamentary politics, and
- Examining the Altering attitudes towards the decision making procedures.
Project Outcome and results
1- Recognizing the challenges and problems in the current electoral system.
2- Presenting practical solutions for reviewing and reforming the electoral system.
3- Presenting a perspective to the main voting preferences of the electorate
Beneficiaries and Stakeholders
Beneficiaries of this project can be categorized in two parts:
1- Specific beneficiaries: the results and findings of this survey can be used by legislative and executive branches of government. Taking the fact that the social and political situations in Afghanistan are changing and the fact that the current electoral system was enforced more than a decade ago (without due diligence), reforming the electoral system in accordance with new social and political requirements can be a beacon for the ship of legitimacy of the political leadership in the turbulent sea of problems in the country. Therefore, the leadership of Afghanistan is the specific beneficiary of this project.
2- General beneficiaries: the ordinary citizens of the country are all among the general beneficiaries of this project.
This research project will be carried out through conducting general survey across seven provinces of Afghanistan. The analysis of the quantitative data will be backed up using qualitative data from previous interviews carried out with key informants on the subject matter.