Project Background and justification
Recently Afghanistan, India & Iran have reached a consensus, called the Chabahar Agreement, which will give Afghanistan access to Mumbai via the port of Calamari in the Iranian city of Chabahar that is located on the coast of the Gulf of Oman. This is a major strategic gain for Afghanistan for having access to, Indian Ocean via Chabahar port and to all over the world. Not only will it give Kabul immediate access to Iran and India, it will, in the longer term, provide it with access to the energy resources of Central Asia. Although Afghanistan is a land-locked country, it is a potential regional hub. Afghanistan’s foreign trade is dependent upon the main transit routes which cross Pakistan. Like any other land-locked country, Afghanistan faces high transport costs and long delivery delays. At the same time, due to its strategic geographic position, Afghanistan has the potential to become a ―land-linked country. The Chabahar port implication for Afghanistan is too much important. It will connect Saranj-Herat, Kandahar, Kabul and Maar-e-Sharif, and to Central Asian economies. Chabahar port will give India access of Central Asia's rich oil and gas reserves. Oil and gas is important for hydrocarbon starved country like India. It gives access to the International North South corridor which additionally helps in reaching to the Central Asian Republics. The strategic location on the Gulf of Oman is of huge political significance. It is the new beginning for Afghanistan-India and Iran relations.
Project Goal and Objectives
1- The objective of this document is to present the research consisting Chabahar port Strategic analyses and its Geo political importance, the distinctive roadmaps based on prior division of thematic areas followed by different related topics.
2- Furthermore, the document includes the synergies of the International Trade Forum project with Sustainable Economic Development -efficient Buildings preliminary suggestions for the updated Implementation action plan for research, standardisation, of Afghanistan International Relations, as well as actions for industry (Trade, Economic Development construction sector, ICT sector, and energy sector), policies and regulations.
Project Outcome and results
1- To highlight the significance of the Chabahar ports development strategy planning. This allows for the maximum container transit with minimum resources such as service capacities, human resources, and financial potential in order to expand the Afghan container transit.
2- It should be noted that the strategic objectives, the business strategy and its Implementation can be arranged only after the port vision and mission obviously delineated.
3- For the purpose of improving the outcome of the ports operational management, it is recommended to concentrate on new strategies such as exploit of transit corridors for
development of the Afghanistan Ports. The main part of this paper is dedicated to evaluate the role of Chabahar and its strategic depth and the importance of defining the existing Afghanistan could gain an alternative to Pakistan for its maritime. Afghanistan will have access and potential competitors at the Persian Gulf and making relationship between India – Iran for the consequences of trade.
Beneficiaries and Stakeholders
Beneficiaries of this project can be categorized in two parts:
1- Specific beneficiaries: the results and findings of this research project can be used by policy makers of involving countries both at government levels and business forums.
2- General beneficiaries: the ordinary citizens of the country are all among the general beneficiaries of this project.
The methodology for this paper is to present the Strategic Analysis of Chabahar port - Afghanistan -Iran and Indian relations. A literature study was used to describe the history and trends in port development in order to find an approach to define the development of the tasks and infrastructure of ports, especially the port authority. Strategic models from the port literature are presented and used to construct a framework, for how to structure the development of smaller ports. This framework is then evaluated against different projects to analyze if there is correlation between the model and the real world.
Interviews will be undertaken to add a qualitative perspective to the Port of different case. The interviews will be conducted with three countries scholars, political personalities etc. Three examples of port development are used to evaluate presented framework.