Water Diplomacy between Iran and Afghanistan


By Abdul Farid Zikria

For nearly 45 years, Iran has been violating the Helmand Water Treaty and getting up to four times more water from the river than it is allowed. It's time to stop.

Earlier this month, Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, in a speech in the Iranian Parliament, warned of reciprocity against Afghanistan over

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Elite Pashtoons and Democratic Governance


By Eisa Khan Ayoob Ayoobi

The absence of a real democratic milieu in Afghanistan has sustained the vicious cycle of ethnic superiority. Pashtun elites have vested interest in maintaining this status quo, and to do so, they mock democracy.

The Transcending Pashtun Elites (TPEs) from the past are pulling Afghanistan backward

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Afghanistan’s Peace Puzzle: Why Nothing Moves Forward?


By Dr. Yaqub Ibrahimi

Despite the United States’ exacerbation of pressures on Pakistan and the Taliban, and the National Unity Government (NUG)’s efforts for opening a negotiation gate with the Taliban, there is no sign of progress on the ground. President Donald Trump’s strategy in Afghanistan (released in August 2017) and the United States&rsqu

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Reviewing Taliban Narratives


By Omar Sadr

Taliban Narratives, by Professor Thomas Johnson, explores Taliban and U.S. communication cultures by analyzing narratives, propaganda, and stories between 2001-2011. Johnson decodes the Taliban’s master narrative, information operations, target audience, and their p

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Mobile Money in Afghanistan - The Tech Revolution that Never Was


By Nafay Choudhury

In 2012, Time Magazine published an article on how “Afghanistan Is on the Leading Edge of a Tech Revolution”.[1] Mobile money, it was claimed, would fundamentally transform Afghan society from supposedly pre-modern conditions to one where average citizens would be connected with the wider fina

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